The Edinburgh Transformation project aims to address how Edinburgh will achieve a step change in approach to issues including transport, amenity, social value (e.g. air quality, mental and physical health), place, urban development and heritage. The discussion then considers the challenges and opportunities that Edinburgh faces setting targets for transformation. This includes city priorities for city centre transformation of ambition, sustainable development and disruption and reflects on the potential for circular economy to underpin each priority objective. The discussion concludes with a look to the future and the panellists’ thoughts and hopes for how the city will develop by 2050.